November in WW2

WW2 was a global conflict that raged from September 1939 to August 1945; almost six long years. The change of seasons brought with it changes in the pace of the war. Spring generally meant new offensives, while winter could mean stalemate or a winter offensive – such as those made by the Russians on the eastern front.

1 November 1941: US ambassador to Tokyo, Joseph Grew warned the State Department in Washington, USA that a Japanese attack was imminent

2 November 1942: Australian troops retake Kokoda, New Guinea with its vital airstrip

3 November 1941: German forces capture the Russian city of Kursk. Japanese troops land at Lunga Point on Guadalcanal

4 November 1942: Winston Churchill chairs the first meeting of the Anti U-boat committee, which seeks to coordinat the scientific and military efforts in the Battle of the Atlantic

5 November 1941: Japanese government sends an envoy to Washington to try to negotiate a settlement in US-Japanese relations

6 November 1935: The RAF’s first mono-plane fighter, the Hawker Hurricane first flew

7 November 1941: RAF bombers attack Colonge, Berlin and Mannheim in the heaviest night of bombing so far in the war

8 November 1942: Four divisions of Allied troops land in north Africa as part of Operation Torch

9 November 1940: Former British Premier Neville Chamberlain dies

10 November 1942: Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery is knighted and promoted to General

11 November 1940: The Willys-Overland Company launched its new general purpose vehicle for the US Army; the ‘Jeep’

12 November 1944: The German battleship ‘Tirpitz’ is capsized by RAF bombers in a Norwegian fjord using massive ‘Tallboy’ bombs

13 November 1944: US Forces penetrate the heavy defences around the French city of Metz

14 November 1940: The British city of Coventry experienced its worst bombing raid so far in the war, with 449 Luftwaffe bombers attacking the city

15 November 1943: Himmler orders all gypsies to be sent to concentration camps

16 November 1937: The British government begins a programme for the building of air-raid shelters

17 November 1941: Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek calls for western democracies to take action against Japan

18 November 1941: The US M3 Stuart light tank has its first trials in action with the British 8th Army at the start of Operation Crusader

19 November 1939: The first barricades are erected around the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw, Poland

20 November 1945: The war crimes trial of leading Nazis begins in Nuremburg, Germany

21 November 1942: US forces push the Japanese off Cruz Point , Guadalcanal

22 November 1941: The US Secretary of State, Cordell Hull, says that all differences with Japan could be resolved if he could be convinced that their intentions were peaceful

23 November 1939: The German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau sink the armed merchant cruiser HMS Rawalpindi in the Atlantic

24 November 1940: The puppet government of Czechoslovakia signs the Axis Tripartite Pact

25 November 1939: After attempts to save wild ponies in the New forest, England form accidents in the blackout by painting white stripes on them like Zebras fail, they are removed to safer pastures

26 November 1942: Soviet troops complete the encirclement of German forces at Stalingrad

27 November 1944: US B29 Bombers raid Bankok and Tokyo

28 November 1940: ‘Der ewige Jude’ ( The eternal Jew) anti-Semitic film opens in Berlin

29 November 1943: Allied leaders Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin meet in Tehran, Iran to agree plans for the Normandy landings and a possible Russian attack on Japan

30 November 1942: The British Eighth Army clears the area north of Sangro in their advance through Italy