NAFTA has not eliminated regulatory requirements for companies wishing to act internationally, such as. B rules of origin and documentation requirements, which determine whether certain goods may be traded under NAFTA. The free trade agreement also provides for administrative, civil and criminal penalties for companies that violate the legislation or customs procedures of the three countries. In 2009, the United States recorded a trade surplus of $28.3 billion with NAFTA countries for services and a trade deficit of $94.6 billion (annual increase of 36.4%) for goods in 2010. This trade deficit accounted for 26.8% of the total U.S. trade deficit.  A study on global trade, published in 2018 by the Center for International Relations, identified irregularities in the trade models of the NAFTA ecosystem using networked analysis techniques. The study showed that the US trade balance has been influenced by opportunities for tax evasion in Ireland.  Negotiations “largely focused on car exports, steel and aluminum tariffs, and milk, egg and poultry markets.” One provision “prevents any party from legislating that restricts the cross-border flow of data.”  Compared to NAFTA, the USMCA raises environmental and labor standards and encourages increased domestic production of cars and trucks.  The agreement also provides updated intellectual property protection, gives the United States increased access to the Canadian milk market, imposes a quota for Canadian and Mexican auto production, and increases duty-free treatment for Canadians who purchase IN FROM THE UNITED STATES. Online goods from US$20 to US$150.  The full list of differences between the USMCA and NAFTA can be found on the USTR (United States Trade Representative) website.
 If the original Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) had entered into force, existing agreements, such as NAFTA, would be reduced to those that would not be contrary to the TPP or that would require greater trade liberalization than the TPP.  However, only Canada and Mexico would have the prospect of becoming members of the TPP after U.S. President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the agreement in January 2017. In May 2017, the remaining 11 members of the TPP, including Canada and Mexico, agreed to continue with a revised version of the trade agreement without U.S. participation.  The agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada is based on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), originally concluded on the 1st. entered into force on 1 January 1994. . . .