After a meeting of foreign ministers in Helsinki in July 1973, the committees met in Geneva to draft an agreement that lasted from September 1973 to July 1975. The main interest of the Soviet Union was to implicitly recognize its post-war hegemony in Eastern Europe through guarantees of inviolability of borders and non-interference in the internal affairs of States. In return, the United States and its Western European allies pushed the Soviet Union to engage on issues such as respect for human rights, expanded contacts between Eastern and Western Europe, freedom of movement and the free cross-border flow of information. The final act, signed at a summit in Helsinki, reflected both points of view. The agreement marked the formal end of the Second World War, as it recognized all European national borders (including the division of Germany into two countries) arising from the consequences of that war. If necessary, they take appropriate measures to achieve the above objectives and implement the provisions contained in the agreements and treaties. The final act of Helsinki was an agreement signed by 35 nations that closed the conference on security and cooperation in Europe in Helsinki (Finland). The multifaceted law addressed a number of important global issues and had a significant impact on the Cold War and US-Soviet relations. Second, there are potential cheerleaders on both sides that risk undermining or even sabotaging the agreement. For example, politicians in Indonesia`s national parliament have strongly criticized the MoU, but they will be forced to pass the new law on the Aceh government. A significant setback in this process could jeopardize the GAM`s commitment to the agreement. The elements of the Indonesian army (TNI) and their allies remain extremely suspicious of the GAM and still have considerable capacity to undermine the agreement on the ground by violent means.
For their part, GAM leaders have not yet declared that their acceptance of Aceh`s accession to Indonesia is unconditional and permanent, and their inability to do so could exacerbate the mistrust of their former enemies. Shortly before leaving for Helsinki, President Ford held a meeting with a group of Eastern European Americans and finally declared that U.S. policy toward the Baltic States would not change, but that it would be strengthened, as the agreement denies annexation of territory in violation of international law and allows for peaceful border change.  Statement made at the meeting of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly of the Standing Committee